Oral Pathology


The inside of the mouth is normally lined with a special type of skin (mucosa) that is smooth and coral pink in color. Any alteration in this

appearance could be a warning sign for a pathological process. The most serious of these is oral cancer. The following can be signs at the

beginning of a pathologic process or cancerous growth:


  • Reddish patches (erythroplasia) or whitish patches (leukoplakia) in the mouth.

  • A sore that fails to heal and bleeds easily.

  • A lump or thickening on the skin lining the inside of the mouth.

  • Chronic sore throat or hoarseness. Difficulty in chewing or       swallowing.


These changes can be detected on the lips, cheeks, palate, and gum tissue around the teeth, tongue, face and/or neck. Pain does not always occur with pathology, and curiously, is not often associated with oral cancer. However, any patient with facial and/or oral pain without an obvious cause or reason may also be at risk for oral cancer.


Other type of oral lesions may develop inside the jaws, as odontogenic cysts or tumors, which are formed from tissues involved in odontogenesis (tooth development). These cysts or tumors can

be problematic because of recurrence and/or aggressive growth. Sometimes they may present as incidental findings on radiographs or as the chief symptom of a patient.


Our specialists will perform a complete clinical and radiographic evaluation to guide the treatment plan and to recommend a possible

biopsy depending on each case.


Biopsy refers to removal of living tissues from the site of lesion for the purpose of microscopic examination of that part and to reach a confirm diagnosis. It not only helps in diagnosis but also serves as a treatment option for smaller lesions in oral cavity by excising. Various types of biopsy are: Incisional biopsy, Excisional biopsy, Frozen section biopsy, punch biopsy and brush biopsy.


Incisional biopsy of oral lesions is also called as diagnostic biopsy and is done in case of large oral lesions. Excisional biopsy for oral lesion is done when the lesion is small and is less than 1 centimeter and is removed completely for purpose of microscopic examination.    


We would recommend performing an oral cancer self-examination monthly and remember that your mouth is one of your body’s most important warning systems. Do not ignore suspicious lumps or sores.


Please contact us so we may help.